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Ankai Bus Group
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Ankai Bus Group
by -Tue Nov 4,11:2
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1. A new direction
  A winning collaboration with a leading European transportation specialist has transformed the production capacity of the Chinese bus and coach manufacturer Anhui Ankai Automobile Ltd. The result is a winning combination of European technology and combining oriental charm.
  The award-winning Anhui Ankai Automobile has become one of the leading bus and coach producers in China over the last decade, with a formidable reputation for delivering technologically advanced and luxurious vehicles. Its partnership with the German company Setra Evobus has been a key driver in its success with Ankai’s Setra range of coaches, developed and manufactured with advanced technology garnered from its successful relationship with the European transportation specialist.
  Anhui Ankai Automobile, which is based in the city of Hefei in the Anhui province of China, is a listed company that produces both large and medium size coach and bus chassis, ranging from the standard offering and also serving the luxury end of the market. It is largely considered to be the third biggest player in its domestic transport market.
  Less than three years ago this state-owned company merged with JAC group, which remains Ankai’s largest shareholder with 20 per cent of shares. Anhui Investment group holding owns another 18 per cent of the group. The merger has given the company renewed focus and determination to make the most of an expanding domestic market, as well as realise significant export sales.
  2. Improved quality
  With a new president and general manager in place, the company hasn’t reorganized, so much as redirected its focus towards improving quality standards. It is also concentrating its efforts on the ‘three forces’: marketing, branding and production. Ankai, famous for its high level of technological expertise and its collaboration with its German partner, can now benefit from JAC group’s successful managerial approach. The company has also gone one step further in reinforcing the idea of personal responsibility by introducing a performance related salary scheme for staff.
  That’s not the end of the changes either: Ankai has incorporated with another Hefei-based bus producer that was integrated into the JAC group some years ago. The idea behind the merger was to reduce the number of competitors in the city. Now Ankai, which is proud of the company’s leading technology in China and its position producing luxury coaches, works alongside its sister company, which is smaller and more accustomed to producing the 10m bus.
  3. Shift in production
  Historically, Ankai has produced both bus chassis and complete coach systems, but in recent times it has focused on production of completed vehicles, and is now producing less chassis, because nearly all bus manufacturers want to produce bus chassis themselves and the volume and the profit margin is reducing. In fact, last year, Ankai produced some 600 bus chassis compared to 2006, for example, when 2000 bus chassis rolled off its production line.
  Today Ankai is motivated towards expanding its product portfolio. Several years ago it only produced luxury coaches and basic chassis, but the management team realized it needed a larger portfolio of products to penetrate different segments of the market. As such, the company increased its offering to include shorter and medium sized coaches.
In fact, in 2007, Ankai has achieved a remarkable increase in the production volume of its popular intercity buses. In 2004–6, its K40 and K47 long distance models, derived from the original Setra bus, made the largest contribution to turnover, but this year sales have dropped off and sales of the intercity range have increased. The main reason for the decline in the 11m and 12m coaches is competition. Originally, the long distance coach was the most profitable vehicle but the competition on this market is fierce. Sales of the intercity bus are continuing an upward trend. Last year, for instance, Ankai sold 1034 of its public transport or intercity buses compared to 1294 long distance coaches.
  4. New styling
  Ankai’s strategic partnership with Setra Evobus, which began in the early 1990s led to the company’s president being hailed as ‘the godfather of the luxury coach in China’. The arrival of this leading European technology was considered to be a pioneering move, and last year the company continued with its innovative spirit by inviting a German designer to create a new coach with a different profile to the rest of the Ankai fleet.
  The company’s collaboration with Setra Evobus has stood the test of time and led to a number of successful new additions to the Chinese bus and coach industry, including its most recent product: the 315 HD model launched in 2002. Ankai has established a special sales team to focus on raising brand awareness and increasing the sales figure beyond the 200 units it has sold to date. In comparison, its predecessor, the 215 model is something of a success story; selling more than 1000 units.
  5. Key markets
  Ankai manages branch offices in every province of China but it has always made key sales in southern China, and the three most southerly provinces provide its most important sales markets today. It believes the southern tip of China, as well as the eastern provinces, hold great potential for the future.
  Last year, Ankai looked outside of its domestic market for international sales, and in doing so set up an international business affairs department manned by English-speaking staff. It has paid off: Ankai has exported 11 coaches to Hungary and Romania, 2 CNG city buses to Peru, 300 buses to Saudi Arabia, and has already delivered 120 bus to a customer in Malaysia,more than 100 buses to United Arab Emirates, and signed a contract with Iran ARG Diesel Co. for exporting 600 units Ankai bus including 18m BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) and 12m city bus each for 300 units. The models are HFF6180G02D and HFF6122GZ.
  6. Specialist production
  Production is split between two sites that manufacture either complete buses and luxury models or public transport vehicles. It is currently in the middle of an investment programme that began last year with a cash injection of CNY 15 million in updating technology. It plans to invest another CNY 50 million this year in order to establish a new centre for the production of axles. This latest investment comes on the back of an increase in demand for the company’s axles beyond its own production needs. The company is also planning to make subsequent investments in its on-site painting and finishing lines.
  Aside from production, Ankai is also investing in researching the benefits of the Bus Rapid Transit system, currently in operation in China and Brazil. In terms of product development it has also launched a new 13.7 metre luxury coach last year to meet demands for luxury on long journeys. This year has also seen the development of Ankai’s multipurpose bus, which is also in demand and can be used on school runs, corporate transport or as an operations bus, for example.
  7. Fierce competition
  One of the main challenges for Anhui Ankai Automobile is the fierce level of competition in the Chinese market. All of its competitors are following the same lines, and developing the same products for their own customers. However, Ankai continues to strive for innovation for increase in 2008. The Chinese coach and bus market has vastly developed over the last year, and Ankai believes the onset of the 2008 Beijing Olympics, together with a number of significant events in the Chinese calendar over the course of 2008, may help to drive sales forward.


     Brief Introduction to Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd


  Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd is a listed company producing large and medium-sized coaches and bus chassis of various versions ranging from luxury to common. In July 22, 1997, Ankai was ceremoniously established. Three days after its establishment Ankai listed its shares (code 000868) at Shenzhen Stock Exchange. In 2003, it was re-engineered and merged successfully with JAC that is the largest as stockholder keeping 20.92%. The second stockholder is Anhui Investment Group CO., holding 19.34%.

  The company has a coverage of 122,000 square meters, a total assets of 1.281 billion Yuan and 1048 employees. The annual comprehensive output is 8000 units including coaches and bus chassis (5000 complete coaches, 3000 chassis). In 1999, it was accredited with ISO9001 Certification of Quality System and passed the compulsory CCC accreditation first in the Chinese bus industry. In 2003, it won the title “the enterprise of contract-abiding conduct with credibility” and was accredited with the State Certification of Safety Enterprise.

  The main products of Ankai include ‘Ankai-Setra', Ankai highway bus, tour bus, city bus series and special chassis series for bus, with all the types ranging from 8m to 13.7m in length. In recent years, Ankai luxurious bus and bus chassis won the Anhui Provincial Famous Brand, Anhui Provincial Inspection-free Product successively and the bus chassis won the second prize of National Auto Technology Progress. Ankai Setra is developed and manufactured combined with the advanced technology introduced from German EVOBUS company, German Benz AG, it represents the top class product of present auto industry and is first awarded by the Ministry of Communications as Large High 3 Grade bus. Ankai Setra deluxe bus won the 5-Star Recommended Product of China City Tour deluxe and High-grade Bus in 3 successive years, and moreover, it created a excellent quality of 3.2 million km without major repair. In the national bus competition held in July 2005, Ankai Setra deluxe bus HFF6121K35 and Ankai sleeper bus HFF6137WK87 won the prize of China Bus Fuel-saving Golden Award and China Road Bus Golden Award respectively. In 2006, Ankai Setra coach Honor 400 won the Best Large deluxe Coach Award of BAAV.

  Applying the international advanced technology, the company developed the following brand new city bus series: HFF6120GK159(low floor ), HFF6110GK50(LPG, hybrid), HFF6100GK39(dual fuel), HFF6850GK60, HFF6112GK50(electro), HFF6900GK51( CNG), first introducing the “integral designed body” technology into the field of city bus, complying with the design notion of “low floor, square style, big glass and digitalized”. As a result, they are awarded as Large Top-class City Bus by the City Bus Commission of the Construction Department. The new developed electro city bus for the capital Beijing , powered by batteries, owns the merits of non-pollution and high environmental protection. This development plan is listed in the national 863 Project and Beijing Olympics Project. The city bus HFF6120GK88 won the 3rd prize of National Auto Technology Progress in 2005. This was the only award item in the country in that year.

  Guided by the quality policy of ‘to manufacture top-class product with advance technology and exquisite management; to improve the satisfaction of the customers with high-level skills and sincere service', the company faithfully provides internationally developed & domestically advanced deluxe bus, city bus, bus chassis and the best service for the customers.

[Editor: ]   

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